Diabetes is a lifelong chronic
disease that is caused by high levels of sugar in the blood.
It can also decrease your body's ability to fight off infections, which is
especially harmful in your feet.
When diabetes is not properly controlled, damage can occur to the organs and
impairment of the immune system is also likely to occur.
With damage to your nervous system,
you may not be able to feel your feet properly.
Normal sweat secretion and oil production that lubricates the skin of the foot
is impaired, which can lead to an abnormal pressure on the skin, bones, and
joints of the foot during walking and other activities.
This can even lead to the breakdown of the skin of the foot, which often causes
sores to develop.
If you have diabetes, it is
important to prevent foot problems before they occur, recognize problems early,
and seek the right treatment when a problem does happen.
Complications and Your Feet
When it comes to your feet, there
are several risk factors that can increase your chances of developing foot
problems and diabetic infections in the legs and feet.
First of all, poorly fitting shoes
are one of the biggest culprits of diabetic foot complications.
If you have red spots, sore spots, blisters, corns, calluses, or consistent
pain associated with wearing shoes, new proper fitted shoes must be obtained
Additionally, if you have common
foot abnormalities such as flat feet, bunions, or hammertoes, prescription
shoes or orthotics from your podiatrist may be necessary to further protect
your feet from other damage.
People who have long-standing or
poorly controlled diabetes are also at risk for having damage to the nerves in
their feet, which is known in the medical community as peripheral neuropathy.
If you have nerve damage, you may
not be able to feel your feet normally and you may also be unable to sense the
position of your feet and toes while walking and balancing, which can cause
even more harm to your feet.
Normal nerves allow people to sense
if their shoes are too tight or if their shoes are rubbing on the feet too
With diabetes, you may not be able to properly sense minor injuries, such as
cuts, scrapes and blisters-all signs of abnormal wear, tear, and foot strain.
The following can also compromise
the health of your feet:
Trauma to the foot
Diabetes can be extremely dangerous
to your feet, so take precautions now. You can avoid serious problems such as
losing a toe, foot, or leg by following proper prevention techniques offered by
For additional questions please
contact: InStride Family Foot Care at 704-786-4482.
Hint: Remember, prevention is the
key to saving your feet and eliminating pain.
Most foot warts are harmless,
even though they may be painful. They are often mistaken for corns or calluses,
which are layers of dead skin that build up to protect an area which is being
Awart, however, is caused by a viral infection which
invades the skin through small or invisible cuts and abrasions.
Foot warts are
generally raised and fleshy and can appear anywhere on the foot or toes.
Occasionally, warts can spontaneously disappear after a short time, and then,
just as frequently, they recur in the same location.
If left untreated, warts
can grow to an inch or more in circumference and can spread into clusters of
Children, especially teenagers, tend to be more susceptible to warts
Plantar warts, also known as verrucas, appear on the soles of the
feet and are one of several soft tissue conditions that can be quite painful.
Unlike other foot warts,plantar warts tend to be hard and flat, with a rough
surface and well-defined boundaries. They are often gray or brown (but the color
may vary), with a center that appears as one or more pinpoints of black.
Plantar warts are often contracted by walking barefoot on dirty surfaces or
littered ground. The virus that causes plantar warts thrives in warm, moist
environments, making infection a common occurrence in public pools and locker
Like any other infectious lesion, plantar warts are spread by touching,
scratching, or even by contact with skin shed from another wart.
The wart may
also bleed, another route for spreading. Plantar warts that develop on the
weight-bearing areas of the foot (the ball or heel of the foot) can cause a
sharp, burning pain.
Pain occurs when weight is brought to bear directly on the
wart, although pressure on the side of a wart can create equally intense pain.
To prevent the spread of warts,
follow these tips:
Avoid direct contact with warts, both from other
persons or from other parts of the body.
Avoid walking barefoot, except on sandy beaches.
Change your shoes and socks daily.
Check your children's feet periodically.
Keep your feet clean and dry.
It is important to note that warts can be very
resistant to treatment and have a tendency to reoccur.
wart treatments are usually ineffective because their use can inadvertently
destroy surrounding healthy tissue.
Please contact our Family Foot Careoffice
for help in effectively treating warts at 704-786-4482 for Concord location or
704-454-5558 for Harrisburg location. Our practice is expert in recommending
the best treatment for each patient, ranging from prescription ointments or
medications to, in the most severe cases, laser cautery.
the national pastime in America. From kids to adults, playing baseball is one
of the most enjoyable team sports. But as with other sports, it's important
that you keep yourself in good condition and have the right equipment to play
safely and enjoy the health benefits of the game. Baseball players are advised
to condition their entire bodies and be sure to stretch the leg, ankle, and
foot muscles before, during, and after play to avoid injuries.
be characterized by lots of stops and starts, lots of running, and, of course
sliding. Practice and technique can enhance your competency and enjoyment of
the game, but they are also crucial for building up the muscles needed in
baseball. The rapid and changing movements associated with the sport place many
pressures on your feet and ankles. Inadequate stretching, improper shoes, and
repeated motions lead to the most common foot problems that occur among
baseball players, such as Achilles tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, shin splints,
stress fractures, ankle sprains, and bone fractures.
Shoes and Cleats
As with most
athletic shoes, comfort is the most important element in choosing the right
baseball shoe for you. Look for shoes with a roomy toe box that give your toes
enough room to wiggle. The widest part of your foot should fit comfortably into
the shoe without stretching the upper. Look for a snug heel to help keep your
foot stable. Most importantly, remember to replace your baseball shoes after 70
to 75 hours of active wear.
play, cleats may be recommended to give you the traction needed for the surface
in the diamond. Baseball cleats come in a variety of materials ranging from
leather and synthetic materials (plastics) to rubber and metal. Be sure to
follow the regulations of your league regarding the material allowed; many
leagues no longer permit the use of metal spikes or cleats, particularly on
artificial turf. Be sure to give yourself time to adjust to cleats by wearing
them on the designated surface.
If you have
any questions regarding your feet, please don't hesitate to contact our Family
Foot Care at 704-786-4482 or visit our website at
shoes conform to the shape of the feet and have a roomy toe box with sufficient
horizontal and vertical space and a low heel (usually about half an inch high).
Soles made of either hard materials (such as leather) or soft materials (such
as crepe) can be worn, but softer soles tend to be more comfortable.
stand for extended periods of time, shoes with soft, pliable and cushioned
soles will protect your feet and help keep them comfortable.
The best shoes for men are good quality oxford styles, shoes ordinarily
associated with wing-tip or cap toe designs. Also suitable are slip-ons, dressy
loafers, and low dress boots.
It is advisable to have three to five pairs of shoes for business so that you
can alternate your shoes on a daily basis.
If you have
any questions regarding your feet, or if you want our Family Foot Care to help
you choose proper shoes, please don't hesitate to contact us at 704-786-4482 or
visit our website at http://www.familyfootcare.info/.
or darkened toenails are essentially bruised nails and can result from a
variety injuries or problems.
Darkened nails may occur as a result of the toe
hitting the end or the top of the shoe toe area. Sometimes, the bruise can lead
to a fungal nail infection.
may include trimming the nail back and applying a topical antifungal medication.
If the skin under the nail is ulcerated, a topical antibiotic ointment should
patients should contact our office for evaluation if they experience any change
in the color of toenails. The pressure causing the bruised nail may lead to a
small sore under the toenail, which can lead to infection.
you have any questions regarding your feet, please don't hesitate to contact our
Family Foot Care at 704-786-4482 or visit our website at
High heels may contribute to knee and back problems,
disabling injuries in falls, shortened calf muscles, and an awkward, unnatural
gait. In time, high heels may cause enough changes in the feet to impair their
Most women admit high heels make their feet hurt, but they
tolerate the discomfort in order to look taller, stylish, and more
There are ways to relieve some of the abusive effects of high heels. Women can
limit the time they wear them by alternating with good-quality, oxford-type
shoes or flats for part of the day. Keep the heel height to no more than two
inches and make sure the fit for the rest of the shoe is good. Varying heel
heights whenever possible to wear shoes as low as possible in each situation.
For example, there are comfortable and attractive "walking" pumps for
women for work and social activities.
Experts say the best shoes for women may be:
A walking shoe with ties (not a slip-on).
Shoes with a Vibram-type composition sole.
A relatively wider heel, no more than a half or
three-quarters of an inch in height.
If you need help in finding the right shoe for you and/or your love ones, our InStride Family Foot Care will be glad to help! Contact us at 704-786-4482 or
visit our website at http://www.familyfootcare.info/.
A diabetic foot ulcer can be prevented in a number of ways. First and foremost, it is essential that you take control of your diabetes:
ensure that your blood sugar is properly managed and you are eating properly.
Using medication or insulin is not enough to control your diabetes. Diet and
exercise is essential.
There are certain other risk factors that contribute to the
formation of diabetic foot ulcers. Foot deformities, such as bunions and
hammertoes, and the formation of calluses beneath the foot in areas of pressure
can cause the skin to break down and form ulcers. In these cases diabetic
shoes, or even custom shoes, are helpful in reducing pressure and protecting
the foot. In cases of extreme deformity of the foot, such as charcot, a brace
known as an Ankle-foot orthotic is useful in preventing breakdown of the skin.
Everyone who is living with diabetes must have a
relationship with a podiatrist to properly assess the risk of developing a
diabetic foot ulcer and recommend measures to prevent one from ever occurring. If you have any questions or concerns about your feet, please don't hesitate to contact our Family Foot Care at 704-786-4482. We have two locations to serve you: 1022 Lee-Ann
Drive Concord and 6602 Roberta Road Harrisburg.
feet refers to a foot sensation that is most frequently experienced by adults
over age 50 and those who are diabetic.
Thyroid dysfunction, gastric
restriction in morbidly obese people, and heavy use of alcohol also have been
linked with burning feet. Nerve problems, such as neuromas and tarsal tunnel
syndrome, may also be associated with the sensation of burning feet.
are some simple ways to mitigate burning feet:
Make sure you wear shoes that fit properly and provide support for your unique
Take foot baths daily to treat hot and sweaty feet.
Wear socks of cotton, versus synthetic, fibers as they are lighter and cooler.
Avoid long periods of standing
Try cushioned or shock-absorbing insoles in your shoes to make standing more
In some cases, orthotics may be helpful to correct any underlying mechanical
imbalances which may be responsible for your burning feet.
is not unusual for feet to ache or burn at the end of a long day. However, on
an ongoing basis, burning feet can be a symptom of a more serious health
Please consult our
Family Foot Care office and schedule an appointment if you
experience persistent burning feet at 704-786-4482
Although it is an effective way to burn calories, using a
treadmill requires caution. Frequent walking at a much higher rate of steps per
minute on a sharp incline can result in foot injuries. Inflammation of the
tissues of the heel, known a plantar fasciitis, is a common result from
treadmill use. The pressure and friction experienced can also cause Morton’s
neuroma, a nerve irritation near the base of the third and fourth toes. Other
potential issues include tendonitis and blisters. Stretching exercises done
prior to a workout can be of benefit. Orthotics or padding for shoes may offer
some relief. Also, lowering the incline and speed aggressive treadmill
used and maintaining a shorter stride may help in preventing foot injuries.
Whenever your feet hurt, it’s important to find out why.
Bearing in mind how much our feet do for us. If you have any questions regarding your feet, please don't hesitate to contact our InStride Family Foot Care at 704.786.4482.We are located at 1022 Lee-Ann Dr. in
HINT: When possible, vary your treadmill workouts with
women have more trouble with their feet than younger ones, often because fat
pads on the bottom of the feet tend to deteriorate in the aging process. Many
foot problems for older women can be alleviated simply by wearing properly
fitted, well-constructed shoes that provide cushioning and have a soft,
flexible upper that will conform to the shape of their feet. Shoes made of
leather that "breathes" can also reduce the possibility of skin
should be lightweight, with enough flexibility and shock-absorbing quality to
provide solid footing and not be slippery. Low-heeled shoes provide greater
stability, more protection for the feet, and greater comfort. Because older
women often have circulatory problems, they have a special need to keep their
feet warm in cold weather, to prevent frostbite or chilblains. Most
importantly, keep walking and moving around every day so that all the systems
in the legs and feet remain stretched and circulation stays healthy.
you have any questions regarding your feet, or if you want our Family Foot Care
to help you choose proper shoes, please don't hesitate to contact us at
704-786-4482 or visit our website at http://www.familyfootcare.info/.